- Tomasz Stępniewski
- Polityka czarnomorska Stanów Zjednoczonych Ameryki
- ISBN: 978-83-60695-58-6 Lublin
- 2011 str.
- format 0
- (Kod: 176)
The Black Sea Policy of the United States of America
As a result of the collapse of the bipolar division of the world, the United States of America has become the only superpower which not only survived but also seriously strengthened both itself and the former system of the world collective security. The country has retained complete and real potential to use the political, economic and military means which may be efficiently used to exert a decisive influence on the course of events in East-Central Europe and the territory of the former USSR. The lack of the Soviet Union created the situation in which the USA, deprived of a serious rival, was able to construct the political and military hegemony, giving rise to a hyperpower. The changes taking place in the 21st century in the global and regional power systems create new challenges and dilemmas for multilateral relations as well as for the safety in the Black Sea region. As a result, also the USA has to (or at least should) discern those challenges as well as the threats from this area. Some of the Black Sea region states are in the EU and NATO structures. Therefore, the US policy in this region comes down to such states as Ukraine, Moldova, Georgia, Armenia, Azerbaijan and the Russian Federation. The remaining ones – Bulgaria, Romania, Greece, Turkey – are members of the Euro-Atlantic structures, so the policy of the United States towards them should be analysed in the context of the US policy to (or rather within) transatlantic organisations. In the following study an attempt was made to present and analyse the USA policy towards the Black Sea region. The aim of it is to answer the question whether the USA really implements their own policy in the region and whether it really follows strategic considerations in relations with the Black Sea region states. For the analysis it is also vital to refer to the USA goals concerning the area. This attempt, for quantity limits, firstly will focus on the US policy (political and economic instruments) towards the whole region. Next, it will be carried out mostly on the example of Ukraine (a key state in Eastern Europe) and Georgia (a key state in the South Caucasus) – the states created after the collapse of the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics, and currently being on the way to the transformation of the system.